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Proxy marriage

Proxy marriage


A proxy wedding or is a wedding in which
one or both of the individuals being united are not physically present,
usually being represented instead by other persons. If both partners are
absent a double proxy wedding occurs. Marriage by proxy is usually resorted to
either when a couple wish to marry but one or both partners cannot attend for
reasons such as military service, imprisonment, or travel restrictions; or
when a couple lives in a jurisdiction in which they cannot legally marry.
Proxy weddings are not recognized as legally binding in most jurisdictions:
both parties must be present. A proxy marriage contracted elsewhere may be
recognised where proxy marriage within the jurisdiction is not; for example,
Israel recognises proxy marriages abroad between Israelis who might not have been
permitted to marry in Israel. History
European monarchs and nobility sometimes married by proxy in the Medieval Ages
and in the early Modern Age. A well-known example more recently
involved the marriage of Napoleon I of France and the Austrian Archduchess
Marie Louise in 1810. Another famous example is the marriage of Mary, Queen
of Hungary to Louis I, Duke of Orléans in 1385. Catherine of Aragon wed Prince
Arthur by proxy in 1499. A famous 17th-century painting by Peter Paul
Rubens depicts the proxy marriage of Marie de’ Medici in 1600.
As of 2015, various Internet sites offer to arrange proxy and double-proxy
marriages for a fee, although the service can generally be set up by any
lawyer in a jurisdiction that offers proxy marriage. Video conferencing
allows couples to experience the ceremony together. A unique “space
wedding” took place on August 10, 2003 when Ekaterina Dmitriev married Yuri
Malenchenko, a cosmonaut orbiting the Earth in the International Space
Station, by proxy in Texas, USA. Legality
=United States=In the United States, proxy marriages
are provided for in law or by customary practice in Texas, Colorado, Kansas,
Montana, and Alabama. Of these, Montana is the only state that allows
double-proxy marriage. Proxy marriages are illegal in all other U.S. states.
However, although not all states fully recognize proxy marriages, legal
precedent dictates that states recognize proxy marriage as at least a common-law
marriage. During the early 1900s, US proxy
marriages increased significantly when many Japanese picture brides arrived at
Angel Island, California. Since the early 20th century, it has been most
commonly used in the USA for marriages where one partner is a member of the
military on active duty. In California, proxy marriage is only available to
deployed military personnel; in Montana, it is available if one partner is on
active military duty or is a Montana resident.
=Other countries=Mexico and Paraguay both offer proxy
marriages for a fee. Proxy marriages through the consulate of Paraguay in Tel
Aviv are recognized by Israeli law. Italy permits proxy marriages to Italian
soldiers in times of war. Canada-Canada ended any form of proxy marriage where
one or both spouses are not present, with the exception of men and women in
the Canadian armed forces. This became effective on June 11, 2015
=Catholic Church=Catholic Canon Law permits marriage by
proxy. References
External links Operation ‘I Do’: Moody AFB Attorneys
Help Couple Tie Knot Marriage by proxy in California
Ernest G. Lorenzen, “Marriage By Proxy and the Conflict of Laws”
Double Proxy Marriage in Montana

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